In France's public institutions of higher education, the government bears the bulk of the cost of education - an average of €10,000 per student per year.

Annual tuition rates at public institutions are set by law. The rates for the 2015–16 academic year are, by degree program:

·         €184 for licence programs

·         €256 for master's programs

·         €391 for doctoral programs

·         €610 for programs leading to the diplôme d’ingénieur

 

Additional fees may be assessed for specific services.

Tuition rates at private institutions—particularly schools of business and management—is generally higher (from €3,000 to €10,000 annually).